Refresh Tokens

You have already received a Refresh Token if you've been following this tutorial and completed the following:

  • configured your API to allow offline access
  • included the offline_access scope when you initiated the authentication request through the authorize endpoint

You can use the Refresh Token to get a new Access Token. Usually, a user will need a new Access Token only after the previous one expires or when gaining access to a new resource for the first time. It's bad practice to call the endpoint to get a new Access Token every time you call an API, and Auth0 maintains rate limits that will throttle the amount of requests to the endpoint that can be executed using the same token from the same IP.

To refresh your token, make a POST request to the /token endpoint in the Authentication API, using grant_type=refresh_token.

Example POST to token URL


curl --request POST \
  --url 'https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token' \
  --header 'content-type: application/json' \
  --data '{ "grant_type": "refresh_token", "client_id": "YOUR_CLIENT_ID", "refresh_token": "YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN" }'
var client = new RestClient("https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.POST);
request.AddHeader("content-type", "application/json");
request.AddParameter("application/json", "{ \"grant_type\": \"refresh_token\", \"client_id\": \"YOUR_CLIENT_ID\", \"refresh_token\": \"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN\" }", ParameterType.RequestBody);
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"strings"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token"

	payload := strings.NewReader("{ \"grant_type\": \"refresh_token\", \"client_id\": \"YOUR_CLIENT_ID\", \"refresh_token\": \"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN\" }")

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("POST", url, payload)

	req.Header.Add("content-type", "application/json")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}
HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.post("https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token")
  .header("content-type", "application/json")
  .body("{ \"grant_type\": \"refresh_token\", \"client_id\": \"YOUR_CLIENT_ID\", \"refresh_token\": \"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN\" }")
  .asString();
var settings = {
  "async": true,
  "crossDomain": true,
  "url": "https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token",
  "method": "POST",
  "headers": {
    "content-type": "application/json"
  },
  "processData": false,
  "data": "{ \"grant_type\": \"refresh_token\", \"client_id\": \"YOUR_CLIENT_ID\", \"refresh_token\": \"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN\" }"
}

$.ajax(settings).done(function (response) {
  console.log(response);
});
var request = require("request");

var options = { method: 'POST',
  url: 'https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token',
  headers: { 'content-type': 'application/json' },
  body: 
   { grant_type: 'refresh_token',
     client_id: 'YOUR_CLIENT_ID',
     refresh_token: 'YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN' },
  json: true };

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"content-type": @"application/json" };
NSDictionary *parameters = @{ @"grant_type": @"refresh_token",
                              @"client_id": @"YOUR_CLIENT_ID",
                              @"refresh_token": @"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN" };

NSData *postData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:parameters options:0 error:nil];

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"POST"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];
[request setHTTPBody:postData];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];
$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, array(
  CURLOPT_URL => "https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "POST",
  CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS => "{ \"grant_type\": \"refresh_token\", \"client_id\": \"YOUR_CLIENT_ID\", \"refresh_token\": \"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN\" }",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => array(
    "content-type: application/json"
  ),
));

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}
import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("")

payload = "{ \"grant_type\": \"refresh_token\", \"client_id\": \"YOUR_CLIENT_ID\", \"refresh_token\": \"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN\" }"

headers = { 'content-type': "application/json" }

conn.request("POST", "/YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token", payload, headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))
require 'uri'
require 'net/http'

url = URI("https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

request = Net::HTTP::Post.new(url)
request["content-type"] = 'application/json'
request.body = "{ \"grant_type\": \"refresh_token\", \"client_id\": \"YOUR_CLIENT_ID\", \"refresh_token\": \"YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN\" }"

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body
import Foundation

let headers = ["content-type": "application/json"]
let parameters = [
  "grant_type": "refresh_token",
  "client_id": "YOUR_CLIENT_ID",
  "refresh_token": "YOUR_REFRESH_TOKEN"
]

let postData = NSJSONSerialization.dataWithJSONObject(parameters, options: nil, error: nil)

var request = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: NSURL(string: "https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/oauth/token")!,
                                        cachePolicy: .UseProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.HTTPMethod = "POST"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers
request.HTTPBody = postData

let session = NSURLSession.sharedSession()
let dataTask = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    println(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? NSHTTPURLResponse
    println(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

Parameters

Parameter Name Description
grant_type Set this to "refresh_token".
client_id Your application's Client ID. You can find this value in your Application Settings.
refresh_token The Refresh Token to use.
scope (Optional) A space-delimited list of requested scope permissions. If not sent, the original scopes will be used; otherwise you can request a reduced set of scopes.

Response

If all goes well, you'll receive an HTTP 200 response with a payload containing a new access_token, its lifetime in seconds (expires_in), granted scope values, and token_type. If the scope of the initial token included openid, then the response will also include a new id_token:

{
  "access_token": "eyJ...MoQ",
  "expires_in": 86400,
  "scope": "openid offline_access",
  "id_token": "eyJ...0NE",
  "token_type": "Bearer"
}

You should validate your tokens before saving them. To learn how, see Validate an ID Token and Verify Access Tokens.