Nginx API

System Requirements

This tutorial and seed project have been tested with the following:

  • Openresty 1.9.7.2

Please follow the steps below to secure your existing API with an Nginx reverse-proxy that's configured to process JWT's generated by your Auth0 account.

1. Install the nginx-jwt script into your Nginx server

The nginx-jwt script is a Lua script that is designed to run on Nginx servers that have the HttpLuaModule installed. But ultimately its dependencies require components available in the OpenResty distribution of Nginx. Therefore, it is recommended that you use OpenResty as your Nginx server, and these instructions make that assumption.

  1. Download the latest archive package from releases.
  2. Extract the archive and deploy its contents to a directory on your Nginx server.
  3. Specify this directory's path using ngx_lua's lua_package_path directive:
# nginx.conf:

http {
    lua_package_path "/path/to/lua/scripts;;";
    ...
}

2. Configure nginx-jwt with your Auth0 account

  1. Export the JWT_SECRET environment variable on the Nginx host, setting it equal to your Auth0 Client Secret (YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET).
  2. Export the JWT_SECRET_IS_BASE64_ENCODED environment variable on the Nginx host, setting it equal to true.
  3. Expose both environment variables to the Nginx server:
# nginx.conf:

env JWT_SECRET;
env JWT_SECRET_IS_BASE64_ENCODED;

3. Secure your API

Now, secure one or more locations that point to your backing service endpoints by using the access_by_lua directive to call the nginx-jwt script's auth() function before executing any proxy_* directives:

# nginx.conf:

server {
    location /secure_this {
        access_by_lua '
            local jwt = require("nginx-jwt")
            jwt.auth()
        ';

        proxy_pass http://my-backend.com$uri;
    }
}

Click here for more usage examples.

4. Call Your API

You can now make requests against your secure API by providing the Authorization header in your requests with a valid JWT id_token.


curl --request GET \
  --url http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api \
  --header 'authorization: Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE'
var client = new RestClient("http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.GET);
request.AddHeader("authorization", "Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE");
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api"

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("GET", url, nil)

	req.Header.Add("authorization", "Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}
HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.get("http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api")
  .header("authorization", "Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE")
  .asString();
var settings = {
  "async": true,
  "crossDomain": true,
  "url": "http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api",
  "method": "GET",
  "headers": {
    "authorization": "Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE"
  }
}

$.ajax(settings).done(function (response) {
  console.log(response);
});
var request = require("request");

var options = { method: 'GET',
  url: 'http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api',
  headers: { authorization: 'Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE' } };

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"authorization": @"Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE" };

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"GET"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];
$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, array(
  CURLOPT_PORT => "8000",
  CURLOPT_URL => "http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "GET",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => array(
    "authorization: Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE"
  ),
));

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}
import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPConnection("localhost:8000")

headers = { 'authorization': "Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE" }

conn.request("GET", "/path_to_your_api", headers=headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))
require 'uri'
require 'net/http'

url = URI("http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)
request["authorization"] = 'Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE'

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body
import Foundation

let headers = ["authorization": "Bearer YOUR_ID_TOKEN_HERE"]

var request = NSMutableURLRequest(URL: NSURL(string: "http://localhost:8000/path_to_your_api")!,
                                        cachePolicy: .UseProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.HTTPMethod = "GET"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers

let session = NSURLSession.sharedSession()
let dataTask = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    println(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? NSHTTPURLResponse
    println(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

5. You're done!

Now you have both your FrontEnd and Backend configured to use Auth0. Congrats, you're awesome!

Use Auth0 for FREECreate free Account