Manage Metadata Using the Management API

Manage Metadata Using the Management API

User metadata

Create user metadata

To create a user with the following profile details:

{
    "email": "jane.doe@example.com",
    "user_metadata": {
        "hobby": "surfing"
    },
    "app_metadata": {
        "plan": "full"
    }
}

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Make the following POST call to the Management API /post_users endpoint to create the user and set the property values:


curl --request POST \
  --url 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users' \
  --header 'authorization: Bearer ABCD' \
  --header 'content-type: application/json' \
  --data '{"email": "jane.doe@example.com", "user_metadata": {"hobby": "surfing"}, "app_metadata": {"plan": "full"}}'

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var client = new RestClient("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.POST);
request.AddHeader("authorization", "Bearer ABCD");
request.AddHeader("content-type", "application/json");
request.AddParameter("application/json", "{\"email\": \"jane.doe@example.com\", \"user_metadata\": {\"hobby\": \"surfing\"}, \"app_metadata\": {\"plan\": \"full\"}}", ParameterType.RequestBody);
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);

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/
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"strings"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users"

	payload := strings.NewReader("{\"email\": \"jane.doe@example.com\", \"user_metadata\": {\"hobby\": \"surfing\"}, \"app_metadata\": {\"plan\": \"full\"}}")

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("POST", url, payload)

	req.Header.Add("authorization", "Bearer ABCD")
	req.Header.Add("content-type", "application/json")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}

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/
HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.post("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users")
  .header("authorization", "Bearer ABCD")
  .header("content-type", "application/json")
  .body("{\"email\": \"jane.doe@example.com\", \"user_metadata\": {\"hobby\": \"surfing\"}, \"app_metadata\": {\"plan\": \"full\"}}")
  .asString();

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/
var axios = require("axios").default;

var options = {
  method: 'POST',
  url: 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users',
  headers: {authorization: 'Bearer ABCD', 'content-type': 'application/json'},
  data: {
    email: 'jane.doe@example.com',
    user_metadata: {hobby: 'surfing'},
    app_metadata: {plan: 'full'}
  }
};

axios.request(options).then(function (response) {
  console.log(response.data);
}).catch(function (error) {
  console.error(error);
});

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/
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"authorization": @"Bearer ABCD",
                           @"content-type": @"application/json" };
NSDictionary *parameters = @{ @"email": @"jane.doe@example.com",
                              @"user_metadata": @{ @"hobby": @"surfing" },
                              @"app_metadata": @{ @"plan": @"full" } };

NSData *postData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:parameters options:0 error:nil];

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"POST"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];
[request setHTTPBody:postData];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];

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$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, [
  CURLOPT_URL => "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "POST",
  CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS => "{\"email\": \"jane.doe@example.com\", \"user_metadata\": {\"hobby\": \"surfing\"}, \"app_metadata\": {\"plan\": \"full\"}}",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => [
    "authorization: Bearer ABCD",
    "content-type: application/json"
  ],
]);

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}

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/
import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("")

payload = "{\"email\": \"jane.doe@example.com\", \"user_metadata\": {\"hobby\": \"surfing\"}, \"app_metadata\": {\"plan\": \"full\"}}"

headers = {
    'authorization': "Bearer ABCD",
    'content-type': "application/json"
    }

conn.request("POST", "/YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users", payload, headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))

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/
require 'uri'
require 'net/http'
require 'openssl'

url = URI("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

request = Net::HTTP::Post.new(url)
request["authorization"] = 'Bearer ABCD'
request["content-type"] = 'application/json'
request.body = "{\"email\": \"jane.doe@example.com\", \"user_metadata\": {\"hobby\": \"surfing\"}, \"app_metadata\": {\"plan\": \"full\"}}"

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body

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/
import Foundation

let headers = [
  "authorization": "Bearer ABCD",
  "content-type": "application/json"
]
let parameters = [
  "email": "jane.doe@example.com",
  "user_metadata": ["hobby": "surfing"],
  "app_metadata": ["plan": "full"]
] as [String : Any]

let postData = JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: parameters, options: [])

let request = NSMutableURLRequest(url: NSURL(string: "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users")! as URL,
                                        cachePolicy: .useProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.httpMethod = "POST"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers
request.httpBody = postData as Data

let session = URLSession.shared
let dataTask = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    print(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? HTTPURLResponse
    print(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

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Update user metadata

You can update a user's metadata by making a PATCH call to the Management API /patch_users_by_id endpoint.

Assuming you created a user with the following metadata values:

{
    "email": "jane.doe@example.com",
    "user_metadata": {
        "hobby": "surfing"
    },
    "app_metadata": {
        "plan": "full"
    }
}

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To update user_metadata and add the user's home address as a second-level property:

{
    "addresses": {
        "home": "123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345"
    }
}

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You would make the following PATCH call:


curl --request PATCH \
  --url 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id' \
  --header 'authorization: Bearer ABCD' \
  --header 'content-type: application/json' \
  --data '{"user_metadata": {"addresses": {"home": "123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345"}}}'

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var client = new RestClient("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.PATCH);
request.AddHeader("authorization", "Bearer ABCD");
request.AddHeader("content-type", "application/json");
request.AddParameter("application/json", "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}", ParameterType.RequestBody);
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);

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/
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"strings"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id"

	payload := strings.NewReader("{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}")

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("PATCH", url, payload)

	req.Header.Add("authorization", "Bearer ABCD")
	req.Header.Add("content-type", "application/json")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}

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HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.patch("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id")
  .header("authorization", "Bearer ABCD")
  .header("content-type", "application/json")
  .body("{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}")
  .asString();

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var axios = require("axios").default;

var options = {
  method: 'PATCH',
  url: 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id',
  headers: {authorization: 'Bearer ABCD', 'content-type': 'application/json'},
  data: {user_metadata: {addresses: {home: '123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345'}}}
};

axios.request(options).then(function (response) {
  console.log(response.data);
}).catch(function (error) {
  console.error(error);
});

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/
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"authorization": @"Bearer ABCD",
                           @"content-type": @"application/json" };
NSDictionary *parameters = @{ @"user_metadata": @{ @"addresses": @{ @"home": @"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345" } } };

NSData *postData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:parameters options:0 error:nil];

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"PATCH"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];
[request setHTTPBody:postData];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];

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$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, [
  CURLOPT_URL => "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "PATCH",
  CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS => "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => [
    "authorization: Bearer ABCD",
    "content-type: application/json"
  ],
]);

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}

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/
import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("")

payload = "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}"

headers = {
    'authorization': "Bearer ABCD",
    'content-type': "application/json"
    }

conn.request("PATCH", "/YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id", payload, headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))

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/
require 'uri'
require 'net/http'
require 'openssl'

url = URI("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

request = Net::HTTP::Patch.new(url)
request["authorization"] = 'Bearer ABCD'
request["content-type"] = 'application/json'
request.body = "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}"

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body

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import Foundation

let headers = [
  "authorization": "Bearer ABCD",
  "content-type": "application/json"
]
let parameters = ["user_metadata": ["addresses": ["home": "123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345"]]] as [String : Any]

let postData = JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: parameters, options: [])

let request = NSMutableURLRequest(url: NSURL(string: "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/api/v2/users/user_id")! as URL,
                                        cachePolicy: .useProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.httpMethod = "PATCH"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers
request.httpBody = postData as Data

let session = URLSession.shared
let dataTask = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    print(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? HTTPURLResponse
    print(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

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The user's profile will now appear as follows:

{
    "email": "jane.doe@example.com",
    "user_metadata": {
        "hobby": "surfing",
        "addresses": {
            "home": "123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345"
        }
    },
    "app_metadata": {
        "plan": "full"
    }
}

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Merge user metadata

Only properties at the root level are merged into the object. All lower-level properties will be replaced.

For example, to add a user's work address as an additional inner property, you would have to include the complete contents of the addresses property. Since the addresses object is a root-level property, it will be merged into the final JSON object representing the user, but its sub-properties will not.

{
  "user_metadata": {
    "addresses": {
      "home": "123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345",
      "work": "100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345"
    }
  }
}

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Therefore, the corresponding PATCH call to the API would be:


curl --request PATCH \
  --url https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id \
  --header 'authorization: Bearer ABCD' \
  --header 'content-type: application/json' \
  --data '{"user_metadata": {"addresses": {"home": "123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345", "work": "100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345"}}}'

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var client = new RestClient("https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.PATCH);
request.AddHeader("authorization", "Bearer ABCD");
request.AddHeader("content-type", "application/json");
request.AddParameter("application/json", "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\", \"work\": \"100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}", ParameterType.RequestBody);
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);

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/
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"strings"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id"

	payload := strings.NewReader("{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\", \"work\": \"100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}")

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("PATCH", url, payload)

	req.Header.Add("authorization", "Bearer ABCD")
	req.Header.Add("content-type", "application/json")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}

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/
HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.patch("https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id")
  .header("authorization", "Bearer ABCD")
  .header("content-type", "application/json")
  .body("{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\", \"work\": \"100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}")
  .asString();

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/
var axios = require("axios").default;

var options = {
  method: 'PATCH',
  url: 'https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id',
  headers: {authorization: 'Bearer ABCD', 'content-type': 'application/json'},
  data: {
    user_metadata: {
      addresses: {
        home: '123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345',
        work: '100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345'
      }
    }
  }
};

axios.request(options).then(function (response) {
  console.log(response.data);
}).catch(function (error) {
  console.error(error);
});

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/
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"authorization": @"Bearer ABCD",
                           @"content-type": @"application/json" };
NSDictionary *parameters = @{ @"user_metadata": @{ @"addresses": @{ @"home": @"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345", @"work": @"100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345" } } };

NSData *postData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:parameters options:0 error:nil];

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"PATCH"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];
[request setHTTPBody:postData];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];

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$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, [
  CURLOPT_URL => "https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "PATCH",
  CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS => "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\", \"work\": \"100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => [
    "authorization: Bearer ABCD",
    "content-type: application/json"
  ],
]);

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}

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/
import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("youraccount.auth0.com")

payload = "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\", \"work\": \"100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}"

headers = {
    'authorization': "Bearer ABCD",
    'content-type': "application/json"
    }

conn.request("PATCH", "/api/v2/users/user_id", payload, headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))

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/
require 'uri'
require 'net/http'
require 'openssl'

url = URI("https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

request = Net::HTTP::Patch.new(url)
request["authorization"] = 'Bearer ABCD'
request["content-type"] = 'application/json'
request.body = "{\"user_metadata\": {\"addresses\": {\"home\": \"123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345\", \"work\": \"100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345\"}}}"

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body

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/
import Foundation

let headers = [
  "authorization": "Bearer ABCD",
  "content-type": "application/json"
]
let parameters = ["user_metadata": ["addresses": [
      "home": "123 Main Street, Anytown, ST 12345",
      "work": "100 Industrial Way, Anytown, ST 12345"
    ]]] as [String : Any]

let postData = JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: parameters, options: [])

let request = NSMutableURLRequest(url: NSURL(string: "https://youraccount.auth0.com/api/v2/users/user_id")! as URL,
                                        cachePolicy: .useProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.httpMethod = "PATCH"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers
request.httpBody = postData as Data

let session = URLSession.shared
let dataTask = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    print(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? HTTPURLResponse
    print(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

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/

Delete user metadata

You can delete user_metadata:

{
  "user_metadata": {}
}

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App metadata

Patching the metadata with an empty object removes the metadata completely. For example, sending this body removes everything in app_metadata:

{
  "app_metadata": {}
}

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Client metadata

Create applications with client metadata

A clientMetadata object can be included when creating a new application via the POST /api/v2/ applications endpoint.

Read client metadata

Client metadata is included in the response to the GET /api/v2/clients and GET /api/v2/client/{id} endpoints.

Update client metadata

Client metadata can be updated using the PATCH /api/v2/clients/{id} endpoint, supplying an application object with the clientMetadata property, which has a value that consists of an object containing the metadata you'd like to change.

Application before:

{
  ...
  "name": "myclient",
  "client_metadata": {
    "mycolor": "red",
    "myflavor": "grape"
  }
  ...
}

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Request: PATCH /api/v2/client/myclientid123 with body:

{ "client_metadata": { "mycolor": "blue" } }

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Application after:

{
  "name": "myclient",
  "client_metadata": {
    "mycolor": "blue",
    "myflavor": "grape"
  }
  ...
}

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/

Delete client metadata properties and values

Client metadata keys can be removed by issuing a PATCH, as described in "Update app_metadata" above, but supplying null for the key value. This behavior matches that of the user_metadata and app_metadata properties in the PATCH /api/v2/users/{id} endpoint.

Learn more