Lock Android v1 Passwordless with Magic Link
Planning & Installing
In order to avoid asking the user to input the one-time password sent for passwordless authentication in Android apps, we introduced the ability to send a link that the user can tap to login without any code input involved.
These links include the same code that would be used in the traditional passwordless flow, but with the correct configuration they will be handled automatically by the Android system and our application will log in the users effortlessly by relying on Android App Links.
With App Links, in Android 6.0 (API level 23) and higher, Android allows an app to designate itself as the default handler of a given type of link, without asking the user whether to use the browser or the app to open the link.
Automatic handling of links requires the cooperation of our app and website (our Auth0 authentication server). The app must declare the association with the website and request that the system verify it. The website must, in turn, provide that verification by publishing a Digital Asset Links file.
This feature works as long as the user has not already chosen a default app to handle that URI pattern.
You could find more information about App Links in the Android docs.
In this article we'll show how Auth0 helps you set up your app to use app links to log in.
Auth0 account configuration
Monitoring & Troubleshooting
We'll have to configure/add some field to our Auth0 application. The fields we need to configure are:
- app_package_name: This is the package name, as declared in the app's manifest. An example would be com.example.android.myapp
- sha256_cert_fingerprints: This is an array of the SHA256 fingerprints of our android app’s signing certificates. This is an arbitrary length array, it can include all the fingerprints we want, so for example we could add both our release and debug fingerprints.
Getting your signing certificates fingerprint
You can use the following command to generate the fingerprint via the Java keytool:
or to obtain the default debug key:
Configure Auth0 via API
Once we have the package name and the SHA256 fingerprint, we'll update our Auth0 application via API with patch_clients_by_id (they aren't yet available in the dashboard).
In the id field we must introduce the client_id of our Auth0 App, and the body should look like this:
Next we'll have to configure either the SMS or Email connection. This is available from the dashboard, so we'll show how to do it from there.
In case we'll use a passwordless connection via SMS, we'll need to update the SMS message template from the dashboard.
All you need to do is choose Liquid as the SMS Syntax and make sure the message contains something like this:
Otherwise, if we'll use a passwordless connection via Email, we'll need to make sure the template is HTML + Liquid and that the email body contains somewhere a conditional like this:
Now that we have the Auth0 application configured, before we start with the Android configuration we must follow the instructions and set up Lock.Android and LockPasswordlessActivity as seen in the passwordless docs.
Now, in order to use App Links, there is an additional configuration step we must follow. We must declare an intent filter in the
AndroidManifest.xml, inside the
LockPasswordlessActivity activity tag. This filter will allow the app lo handle the links we'll send by Email or SMS.
@string/auth0_domain is your tenant's domain in Auth0, which can be found in your app's settings.
android:pathPrefix you must replace the package name of the application, as configured in the Auth0 account.
As can be seen, it's a regular intent-filter, with the exception of the
android:autoVerify="true" field. This is used since Android API 23 (Android 6.0) to indicate that we would like to verify the link association. This is extremely important to avoid the dialog asking the user which application to use.
Also notice that in case we'll only use one passwordless method (SMS or Email) you could delete the other intent filter (see the last segment of the pathPrefix:
As you should already know,
LockPasswordlessActivity authenticates users by sending them an Email or SMS, in this case we'll send them a link instead of a code. The only difference w.r.t. the regular passwordless is that we now explicitly indicate that we will use magic/app links. This is accomplished using the appropriate mode.
If we would like to send app links by Email, just start
LockPasswordlessActivity specifying the passwordless mode
and we'll see the Email login screen
or for SMS the mode
and we'll see the SMS login screen
After requesting the magic link from Auth0, via SMS or Email, the next screen will indicate that in order to log in, the user should tap it. We also offer a backup option to enter the code manually, just in case the links don't work.