Docs

Call API Using the Client Credentials Flow

This tutorial will help you call your API from a machine-to-machine (M2M) application using the Client Credentials Flow. If you want to learn how the flow works and why you should use it, see Client Credentials Flow.

Auth0 makes it easy for your app to implement the Client Credentials Flow. Following successful authentication, the calling application will have access to an Access Token, which can be used to call your protected APIs.

Prerequisites

Before beginning this tutorial:

Steps

  1. Request a token: From the authorized application, request an Access Token for your API.
  2. Call your API: Use the retrieved Access Token to call your API.

Optional: Explore Sample Use Cases

Request Token

To access your API, you must request an Access Token for it. To do so, you will need to POST to the token URL.

Example POST to token URL


to configure this snippet with your account

curl --request POST \
  --url 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token' \
  --header 'content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \
  --data grant_type=client_credentials \
  --data 'client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID' \
  --data client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET \
  --data audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER

to configure this snippet with your account

var client = new RestClient("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.POST);
request.AddHeader("content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
request.AddParameter("application/x-www-form-urlencoded", "grant_type=client_credentials&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER", ParameterType.RequestBody);
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);

to configure this snippet with your account

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"strings"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token"

	payload := strings.NewReader("grant_type=client_credentials&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER")

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("POST", url, payload)

	req.Header.Add("content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}

to configure this snippet with your account

HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.post("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token")
  .header("content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")
  .body("grant_type=client_credentials&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER")
  .asString();

to configure this snippet with your account

var request = require("request");

var options = {
  method: 'POST',
  url: 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token',
  headers: {'content-type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'},
  form: {
    grant_type: 'client_credentials',
    client_id: 'YOUR_CLIENT_ID',
    client_secret: 'YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET',
    audience: 'YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER'
  }
};

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});

to configure this snippet with your account

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"content-type": @"application/x-www-form-urlencoded" };

NSMutableData *postData = [[NSMutableData alloc] initWithData:[@"grant_type=client_credentials" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
[postData appendData:[@"&client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
[postData appendData:[@"&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
[postData appendData:[@"&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"POST"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];
[request setHTTPBody:postData];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];

to configure this snippet with your account

$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, array(
  CURLOPT_URL => "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "POST",
  CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS => "grant_type=client_credentials&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => array(
    "content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
  ),
));

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}

to configure this snippet with your account

import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("")

payload = "grant_type=client_credentials&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER"

headers = { 'content-type': "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" }

conn.request("POST", "/YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token", payload, headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))

to configure this snippet with your account

require 'uri'
require 'net/http'
require 'openssl'

url = URI("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

request = Net::HTTP::Post.new(url)
request["content-type"] = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
request.body = "grant_type=client_credentials&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER"

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body

to configure this snippet with your account

import Foundation

let headers = ["content-type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"]

let postData = NSMutableData(data: "grant_type=client_credentials".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)
postData.append("&client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)
postData.append("&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)
postData.append("&audience=YOUR_API_IDENTIFIER".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)

let request = NSMutableURLRequest(url: NSURL(string: "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token")! as URL,
                                        cachePolicy: .useProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.httpMethod = "POST"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers
request.httpBody = postData as Data

let session = URLSession.shared
let dataTask = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    print(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? HTTPURLResponse
    print(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

Parameters

Parameter Name Description
grant_type Set this to "client_credentials".
client_id Your application's Client ID. You can find this value on the application's settings tab.
client_secret Your application's Client Secret. You can find this value on the application's settings tab.
audience The audience for the token, which is your API. You can find this in the Identifier field on your API's settings tab.

Response

If all goes well, you'll receive an HTTP 200 response with a payload containing access_token, token_type, and expires_in values:

{
 "access_token":"eyJz93a...k4laUWw",
 "token_type":"Bearer",
 "expires_in":86400
}

You should validate your token before saving it. To learn how, see Validate an Access Token.

Call your API

To call your API from the M2M application, the application must pass the retrieved Access Token as a Bearer token in the Authorization header of your HTTP request.


curl --request GET \
  --url https://myapi.com/api \
  --header 'authorization: Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN' \
  --header 'content-type: application/json'
var client = new RestClient("https://myapi.com/api");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.GET);
request.AddHeader("content-type", "application/json");
request.AddHeader("authorization", "Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN");
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "https://myapi.com/api"

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("GET", url, nil)

	req.Header.Add("content-type", "application/json")
	req.Header.Add("authorization", "Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}
HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.get("https://myapi.com/api")
  .header("content-type", "application/json")
  .header("authorization", "Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN")
  .asString();
var request = require("request");

var options = {
  method: 'GET',
  url: 'https://myapi.com/api',
  headers: {'content-type': 'application/json', authorization: 'Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN'}
};

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"content-type": @"application/json",
                           @"authorization": @"Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN" };

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://myapi.com/api"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"GET"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];
$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, array(
  CURLOPT_URL => "https://myapi.com/api",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "GET",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => array(
    "authorization: Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN",
    "content-type: application/json"
  ),
));

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}
import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("myapi.com")

headers = {
    'content-type': "application/json",
    'authorization': "Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN"
    }

conn.request("GET", "/api", headers=headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))
require 'uri'
require 'net/http'
require 'openssl'

url = URI("https://myapi.com/api")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)
request["content-type"] = 'application/json'
request["authorization"] = 'Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN'

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body
import Foundation

let headers = [
  "content-type": "application/json",
  "authorization": "Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN"
]

let request = NSMutableURLRequest(url: NSURL(string: "https://myapi.com/api")! as URL,
                                        cachePolicy: .useProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.httpMethod = "GET"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers

let session = URLSession.shared
let dataTask = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    print(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? HTTPURLResponse
    print(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

Sample Use Cases

Customize Tokens

You can use Hooks to change the returned scopes of Access Tokens and/or add claims to them. Auth0 invokes Hooks attached to the client credentials grant at runtime to execute your custom logic.

For more information, see our tutorial on Using Hooks with the Client Credentials Grant.

View Sample Application: Server Client + API

For a sample implementation, see the Server Client + API architecture scenario. This series of tutorials is accompanied by a code sample that you can access in GitHub.

Once your API receives a request with an Access Token, it will need to validate the token. For details, see Validate an Access Token.

Keep reading