Ruby On Rails Login

Sample Project

Download a sample project specific to this tutorial configured with your Auth0 API Keys.

System Requirements
  • Ruby 2.3.1
  • Rails 5.0.0
Show requirements

The first step in adding authentication to your Ruby on Rails application is to provide a way for your users to log in. The fastest, most secure, and most feature-rich way to do this with Auth0 is to use the hosted login page.

Create a Client

Create a new client application in your Auth0 dashboard and retrieve the Domain, Client ID and Client Secret for the app. The downloadable samples throughout the quickstart steps will be configured with the credentials for your default application.

App Dashboard

Configure Callback URLs

A callback URL is a URL in your application where Auth0 redirects the user after they have authenticated.

You need to whitelist the callback URL for your app in the Allowed Callback URLs field in your Client Settings. If you do not set any callback URL, your users will see a mismatch error when they log in.

For security purposes, you must add the callback URL of your app to your Client Settings.

Your callback URL is currently set to:

https://YOUR_APP/callback

In this case, the callbackURL should look something like:

https://example.com/auth/oauth2/callback

Install the Dependencies

To follow along with this guide, add the following dependencies to your Gemfile and run bundle install.

gem 'omniauth', '~> 1.6.1'
gem 'omniauth-auth0', '~> 2.0.0'

Initialize Omniauth Auth0

Create a file named auth0.rb under config/initializers and configure the OmniAuth middleware in it.

Rails.application.config.middleware.use OmniAuth::Builder do
  provider(
    :auth0,
    'YOUR_CLIENT_ID',
    'YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET',
    'YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN',
    callback_path: "/auth/oauth2/callback"
  )
end

This tutorial uses omniauth-auth0, a custom OmniAuth strategy.

Add the Auth0 Callback Handler

Use the following command to create the controller that will handle the Auth0 callback:

rails generate controller auth0 callback failure --skip-template-engine --skip-assets

In the newly created controller, add a callback success and failure handler.

class Auth0Controller < ApplicationController
  def callback
    # This stores all the user information that came from Auth0
    # and the IdP
    session[:userinfo] = request.env['omniauth.auth']

    # Redirect to the URL you want after successful auth
    redirect_to '/dashboard'
  end

  def failure
    # show a failure page or redirect to an error page
    @error_msg = request.params['message']
  end
end

Replace the generated routes on routes.rb with the following:

get "/auth/oauth2/callback" => "auth0#callback"
get "/auth/failure" => "auth0#failure"

Trigger Login with Auth0.js

Create a file called session_helper.rb:

# app/helpers/session_helper.rb

module SessionHelper
  def get_state
    state = SecureRandom.hex(24)
    session['omniauth.state'] = state

    state
  end
end

Create an instance of WebAuth from auth0.js and configure it with the keys for your client.

<script src="https://cdn.auth0.com/js/auth0/8.9/auth0.min.js"></script>
<script>
  var webAuth = new auth0.WebAuth({
    domain: 'YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN',
    clientID: 'YOUR_CLIENT_ID',
    redirectUri: 'https://YOUR_APP/callback',
    audience: 'https://YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN/userinfo',
    responseType: 'code',
    scope: 'openid profile',
    state: '<%= get_state %>'
  });

  function signin() {
    webAuth.authorize();
  }
</script>

The redirectUri specified in the WebAuth constructor must match the one specified in the Allowed Callback URLs area in your Auth0 dashboard. Follow the introduction step for further detail.

Check the User's Authentication Status

You can use a controller concern to control access to routes that require the user to be authenticated.

module Secured
  extend ActiveSupport::Concern

  included do
    before_action :logged_in_using_omniauth?
  end

  def logged_in_using_omniauth?
    redirect_to '/' unless session[:userinfo].present?
  end
end

Include the concern in the corresponding controller to prevent unauthenticated users from accessing its routes:

class DashboardController < ApplicationController
 include Secured

  def show
  end
end

Display Error Descriptions

Configure the application to display errors by adding the following to config/environments/production.rb:

OmniAuth.config.on_failure = Proc.new { |env|
  message_key = env['omniauth.error.type']
  error_description = Rack::Utils.escape(env['omniauth.error'].error_reason)
  new_path = "#{env['SCRIPT_NAME']}#{OmniAuth.config.path_prefix}/failure?message=#{message_key}&error_description=#{error_description}"
  Rack::Response.new(['302 Moved'], 302, 'Location' => new_path).finish
}

Troubleshooting

ActionDispatch::Cookies::CookieOverflow

This error means that a cookie session is being used and because the whole profile is being stored, it overflows the max-size of 4 kb. If you are unable to access the user profile and you get an error similar to NoMethodError, undefined method '[]' for nil:NilClass, try using In-Memory store for development.

Go to /config/initializers/session_store.rb and add the following:

Rails.application.config.session_store :cache_store

Go to /config/environments/development.rb and add the following:

config.cachestore = :memorystore

It is recommended that a memory store such as MemCached being used for production applications.

SSL Issues

Under some configurations, Ruby may not be able to find certification authority certificates (CA certs).

Download the CA certs bundle to the project directory:

$ curl -o lib/ca-bundle.crt http://curl.haxx.se/ca/ca-bundle.crt

Add this initializer to config/initializers/fix_ssl.rb:

require 'open-uri'
require 'net/https'

module Net
  class HTTP
    alias_method :original_use_ssl=, :use_ssl=

    def use_ssl=(flag)
      path = ( Rails.env == "development") ? "lib/ca-bundle.crt" : "/usr/lib/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt"
      self.ca_file = Rails.root.join(path).to_s
      self.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_PEER
      self.original_use_ssl = flag
    end
  end
end

"failure message=invalid_credentials"

This issue doesn't occur when working locally but may happen in a staging or production environment. The error message may be displayed as:

omniauth: (auth0) Authentication failure! invalid_credentials: OAuth2::Error, server_error: The redirect URI is wrong. You send [wrong url], and we expected [callback url set in your app settings]

To solve this, add the following to config/environments/staging.rb or production.rb:

OmniAuth.config.full_host = "http://www.example.com"

Substitute http://www.example.com with the actual URL you'll be using in your application.

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