Get Refresh Tokens

Get Refresh Tokens

To get a refresh token, you must include the offline_access scope when you initiate an authentication request through the /authorize endpoint. Be sure to initiate Offline Access in your API. For more information, read API Settings.

For example, if you are using the Authorization Code Flow, the authentication request would look like the following:

    https://YOUR_DOMAIN/authorize?
    audience={API_AUDIENCE}&
    scope=offline_access&
    response_type=code&
    client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID&
    redirect_uri=https://YOUR_APP/callback&
    state={OPAQUE_VALUE}

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The refresh token is stored in session. Then, when a session needs to be refreshed (for example, a preconfigured timeframe has passed or the user tries to perform a sensitive operation), the app uses the refresh token on the backend to obtain a new ID token, using the /oauth/token endpoint with grant_type=refresh_token.

Once the user authenticates successfully, the application will be redirected to the redirect_uri, with a code as part of the URL: https://YOUR_APP/callback?code=BPPLN3Z4qCTvSNOy. You can exchange this code with an access token using the /oauth/token endpoint.


curl --request POST \
  --url 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token' \
  --header 'content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' \
  --data grant_type=authorization_code \
  --data 'client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID' \
  --data client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET \
  --data code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE \
  --data 'redirect_uri=https://YOUR_APP/callback'

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var client = new RestClient("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token");
var request = new RestRequest(Method.POST);
request.AddHeader("content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
request.AddParameter("application/x-www-form-urlencoded", "grant_type=authorization_code&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE&redirect_uri=%24%7Baccount.callback%7D", ParameterType.RequestBody);
IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);

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/
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"strings"
	"net/http"
	"io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

	url := "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token"

	payload := strings.NewReader("grant_type=authorization_code&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE&redirect_uri=%24%7Baccount.callback%7D")

	req, _ := http.NewRequest("POST", url, payload)

	req.Header.Add("content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")

	res, _ := http.DefaultClient.Do(req)

	defer res.Body.Close()
	body, _ := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)

	fmt.Println(res)
	fmt.Println(string(body))

}

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HttpResponse<String> response = Unirest.post("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token")
  .header("content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")
  .body("grant_type=authorization_code&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE&redirect_uri=%24%7Baccount.callback%7D")
  .asString();

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var axios = require("axios").default;

var options = {
  method: 'POST',
  url: 'https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token',
  headers: {'content-type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'},
  data: {
    grant_type: 'authorization_code',
    client_id: 'YOUR_CLIENT_ID',
    client_secret: 'YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET',
    code: 'YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE',
    redirect_uri: 'https://YOUR_APP/callback'
  }
};

axios.request(options).then(function (response) {
  console.log(response.data);
}).catch(function (error) {
  console.error(error);
});

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/
#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

NSDictionary *headers = @{ @"content-type": @"application/x-www-form-urlencoded" };

NSMutableData *postData = [[NSMutableData alloc] initWithData:[@"grant_type=authorization_code" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
[postData appendData:[@"&client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
[postData appendData:[@"&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
[postData appendData:[@"&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
[postData appendData:[@"&redirect_uri=https://YOUR_APP/callback" dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:@"https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token"]
                                                       cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
                                                   timeoutInterval:10.0];
[request setHTTPMethod:@"POST"];
[request setAllHTTPHeaderFields:headers];
[request setHTTPBody:postData];

NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sharedSession];
NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
                                            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
                                                if (error) {
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", error);
                                                } else {
                                                    NSHTTPURLResponse *httpResponse = (NSHTTPURLResponse *) response;
                                                    NSLog(@"%@", httpResponse);
                                                }
                                            }];
[dataTask resume];

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$curl = curl_init();

curl_setopt_array($curl, [
  CURLOPT_URL => "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token",
  CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER => true,
  CURLOPT_ENCODING => "",
  CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS => 10,
  CURLOPT_TIMEOUT => 30,
  CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION => CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1,
  CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST => "POST",
  CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS => "grant_type=authorization_code&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE&redirect_uri=%24%7Baccount.callback%7D",
  CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER => [
    "content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
  ],
]);

$response = curl_exec($curl);
$err = curl_error($curl);

curl_close($curl);

if ($err) {
  echo "cURL Error #:" . $err;
} else {
  echo $response;
}

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import http.client

conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("")

payload = "grant_type=authorization_code&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE&redirect_uri=%24%7Baccount.callback%7D"

headers = { 'content-type': "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" }

conn.request("POST", "/YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token", payload, headers)

res = conn.getresponse()
data = res.read()

print(data.decode("utf-8"))

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require 'uri'
require 'net/http'
require 'openssl'

url = URI("https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token")

http = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
http.use_ssl = true
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

request = Net::HTTP::Post.new(url)
request["content-type"] = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
request.body = "grant_type=authorization_code&client_id=%24%7Baccount.clientId%7D&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE&redirect_uri=%24%7Baccount.callback%7D"

response = http.request(request)
puts response.read_body

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import Foundation

let headers = ["content-type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"]

let postData = NSMutableData(data: "grant_type=authorization_code".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)
postData.append("&client_id=YOUR_CLIENT_ID".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)
postData.append("&client_secret=YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)
postData.append("&code=YOUR_AUTHORIZATION_CODE".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)
postData.append("&redirect_uri=https://YOUR_APP/callback".data(using: String.Encoding.utf8)!)

let request = NSMutableURLRequest(url: NSURL(string: "https://YOUR_DOMAIN/oauth/token")! as URL,
                                        cachePolicy: .useProtocolCachePolicy,
                                    timeoutInterval: 10.0)
request.httpMethod = "POST"
request.allHTTPHeaderFields = headers
request.httpBody = postData as Data

let session = URLSession.shared
let dataTask = session.dataTask(with: request as URLRequest, completionHandler: { (data, response, error) -> Void in
  if (error != nil) {
    print(error)
  } else {
    let httpResponse = response as? HTTPURLResponse
    print(httpResponse)
  }
})

dataTask.resume()

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The response should contain an access token and a refresh token.

    {
      "access_token": "eyJz93a...k4laUWw",
      "refresh_token": "GEbRxBN...edjnXbL",
      "token_type": "Bearer"
    }
    

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If you are requesting a Refresh Token for a mobile app using the corresponding Native Client (which is public), then you don't need to send the client_secret in the request since it's only required for confidential applications.

Refresh Tokens must be stored securely by an application since they allow a user to remain authenticated essentially forever.

For more information on how to implement this using the Authorization Code Flow, refer to our tutorial, Call API Using the Authorization Code Flow. For other grants, see Authentication and Authorization Flows.

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